三泰虎

有哪些印度人獲得過諾貝爾獎

Who are the Nobel Prize winners from India?

有哪些印度人獲得了諾貝爾獎?

以下是Quora讀者的評論:

Vivek Banerjee, NIT Jamshedpur (2014-18), Quizzer, History buff

By 'from India' let's put this in the following categories..

  1. a) People born in India (including British India) and receiving as Indian citizens
  2. b) People born in India (including British India) but receiving as Overseas citizens
  3. c) People born Overseas but receiving as Indian citizens
  4. d) People residing in India while receiving
  5. e) People of Indian origin while receiving
  6. f) People born in India receiving it on behalf of an organization

問題中的“印度人”,可以分為以下幾類:

a) 在印度(包括英屬印度)出生并作為印度公民領獎的人

b) 出生在印度(包括英屬印度)但作為海外公民領獎的人

c) 在海外出生但作為印度公民領獎的人

d) 領獎時居住在印度的人

e) 印度后裔

f) 在印度出生的人代表一個組織領獎

Let's look into the recipients of the much famed Nobel Prize..

a) People born in India (including British India) and receiving as Indian citizens

讓我們看看著名的諾貝爾獎獲得者有哪些。

a) 在印度(包括英屬印度)出生并作為印度公民領獎的人

  1. Rabindranath Tagore

Year: 1913, Subject: Literature

Born in Calcutta, British India, Tagore was awarded "because of his profoundly sensitive, fresh and beautiful verse, by which, with consummate skill, he has made his poetic thought, expressed in his own English words, a part of the literature of the West."

  1. 拉賓德拉納特·泰戈爾

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年份:1913,類別:文學

泰戈爾出生于英屬印度加爾各答,他 “因為非常敏感,清新和美麗的詩句,憑借精湛的技巧用獨特的英語表達自己的詩歌思想,成為西方文學的重要組成部分。”而獲獎。

  1. Dr. Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman

Year: 1930, Subject: Physics

Born in Madras Province, British India, Raman was awarded "for his work on the scattering of light and for the discovery of the effect named after him."

  1. 錢德拉塞卡拉·文卡塔·拉曼博士

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年份:1930,類別:物理

拉曼出生在英屬印度的馬德拉斯省,他因“在光的散射方面的工作以及發現了他名字命名的光學效應”而獲獎。

  1. Dr. Amartya Sen

Year: 1998, Subject: Economic Sciences

Born in Bengal Province, British India, Sen was awarded “for his contribution to welfare economics.”

  1. 阿馬蒂亞森博士

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年份:1998,類別:經濟科學

森出生于英屬印度孟加拉邦省,被授予“福利經濟學貢獻獎”

  1. Kailash Satyarthi

Year: 2014, Subject: Peace

Born in Madhya Pradesh, Republic of India, Satyarthi was awarded jointly with Malala Yousafzai “"for their struggle against the suppression of children and young people and for the right of all children to education."

  1. 凱拉什·薩蒂亞爾希

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年份:2014,類別:和平

薩蒂亞爾希出生于印度共和國中央邦,他與馬拉拉·優素福扎伊共同被授予“反對震壓兒童和青年的斗爭,為所有兒童爭取受教育的權利”

b) People born in India (including British India) but receiving as Overseas citizens

b) 出生在印度(包括英屬印度)但作為海外公民接受的人

  1. Rudyard Kipling

Year: 1907, Subject: Literature

Born in Bombay, British India, but an English citizen, Kipling was awarded “in consideration of the power of observation, originality of imagination, virility of ideas and remarkable talent for narration which characterize the creations of this world-famous author.”

1.拉迪亞德·吉卜林

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年份:1907,類別:文學

吉卜林出生于英屬印度孟買,但是英國公民,因“具備觀察力、想象力的獨創性、思想的男子氣概和非凡的敘述才能,這些都是這位世界著名作家創作的特點。”而獲獎。

  1. Sir Ronald Ross

Year: 1902, Subject: Medicine

Born in Almora, British India, Ross, an English citizen, was awarded "for his work on malaria, by which he has shown how it enters the organism and thereby has laid the foundation for successful research on this disease and methods of combating it."

2.羅納德·羅斯爵士

年份:1902,類別:醫學

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出生于英屬印度的阿爾莫拉,英國公民羅斯因“在瘧疾方面的研究成果,通過這項研究,他展示了瘧疾如何進入生物體,從而奠定了對這一疾病和防治方法的成功研究的基礎。”而獲獎。

  1. Har Gobind Khorana

Year: 1968, Subject: Medicine

Born in Punjab, British India, Khorana, citizen of the United States, was awarded jointly with Holley and Nirenberg "for their interpretation of the genetic code and its function in protein synthesis."

  1. 哈爾·哥賓德·科拉納

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年份:1968,類別:醫學

霍拉納出生于英屬印度旁遮普省,是美國公民,他與霍利和尼倫伯格因“對基因密碼的解釋及其在蛋白質合成中的作用” 共同獲得殊榮。

  1. Abdus Salam

Year: 1979, Subject: Physics

Born in Jhang, Punjab, British India, Salam, a Pakistani citizen, shared the award with Glashow and Weinberg “for their contributions to the theory of the unified weak and electromagnetic interaction between elementary particles, including, inter alia, the prediction of the weak neutral current.”

  1. 阿普杜勒·薩拉姆

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年份:1979,類別:物理

巴基斯坦公民薩拉姆出生于英屬印度旁遮普省賈昂,他與格拉肖夫和溫伯格“因為他們對基本粒子間統一弱相互作用和電磁相互作用理論的貢獻,包括對弱中性電流的預測。”共同獲得這一獎項。

  1. Subramanyan Chandrasekhar

Year: 1983, Subject: Physics

Born in Lahore, British India, Chandrasekhar, citizen of USA, was awarded “for his theoretical studies of the physical processes of importance to the structure and evolution of the stars.”

  1. 蘇布拉曼揚·錢德拉塞卡

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年份:1983,類別:物理

錢德拉塞卡出生于英屬印度的拉合爾,美國公民,因“對恒星結構和演化具有重要意義的物理過程的理論研究”而獲獎。

  1. Muhammad Yunus

Year: 2006, Subject: Peace

  1. 穆罕默德·尤努斯

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年份:2006,類別:和平

7. Venkatraman Ramakrishnan

Year: 2009, Subject: Chemistry

Born in Tamil Nadu, Republic of India, Ramakrishnan was awarded "for studies of the structure and function of the ribosome." He is a citizen of Great Britain.

拉馬克·里希南

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年份2009年 類別:化學

拉馬克·里希南出生于印度泰米爾納德邦,憑借對“核糖體結構和功能的研究”而獲獎。他是英國公民

8. Abhijit V. Banerjee

Year: 2019, Subject: Economic Sciences

Born in Dhule and educated in Kolkata and Delhi, Banerjee shares the 2019 Economic Sciences Nobel Prize “for their experimental approach in alleviating poverty.” He is the Ford Foundation International Professor of Economics at MIT, USA.

8,阿比吉特·班納吉

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年份2019,類別:經濟學

班納吉出生于杜爾,在加爾各答和德里接受教育,憑借其在減少貧困方面的實驗研究而獲得2019年諾貝爾經濟學獎。他是美國麻省理工學院福特基金會國際經濟學教授。

c) People born Overseas but receiving as Indian citizens

1. Mother Teresa (born as Agnes Bojaxhiu)

Year: 1979, Subject: Peace

c) 在海外出生但作為印度公民領獎的人

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特蕾莎修女(原名艾格尼絲·博加西烏)

年份1979年,類別:和平

Born in Skopje (now Macedonia), Mother Teresa was awarded for being the "Founder of Missionaries of Charity" in India.

特蕾莎修女出生在斯科普里(現在的馬其頓),她被授予印度“慈善傳教士創始人”的稱號

e) People of Indian origin while receiving

Sir Vidiadhar Surajprasad Naipaul
Year: 2001, Subject: Literature

e) 領獎時居住在印度的人

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奈波爾,

年份2001年,類別:文學

Born in Trinidad and Tobago, Naipaul received the award "for having united perceptive narrative and incorruptible scrutiny in works that compel us to see the presence of suppressed histories."

奈波爾出生于特立尼達和多巴哥,“憑借其作品中頗具洞察力的敘事,讓我們看到被壓抑的歷史的存在”而獲得諾貝爾文學獎。

f) People born in India receiving it on behalf of an organization

Rajendra Pachauri
Year: 2007, Subject: Peace

f) 在印度出生的人代表一個組織領獎

拉金德拉·帕喬里年

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年份2007年,類別:和平

 

 

Devender Sharma, Senior Pharmacist at Indian Railways (2014-present)

The Nobel Prize is a prestigious international award, given by the Swedish and Norwegian institutions into different categories such as chemistry, Physics, Medicine or Physiology, Peace, literature and economic sciences. The Nobel prize was started by Swedish chemist, engineer Alfred Nobel in 1895. There are some Indians who have also won the Nobel prize in different fields or categories.

Nobel prize winners of India

Rabindranath Tagore

Rabindranath Tagore was a famous Indian poet, writer and Ayurveda researcher. He was the first non-European to win the Nobel prize in literature. He was also known as Gurudev, Kaviguru and Bard of Bengal. He wrote the national anthem of two nations , India and Bangladesh.

Literature

Gitanjali, Gora, Amar Shonar Bangla, Jana Gana Mana and Ghare-Baire etc.

Nobel Prize: literature in 1913

Contribution:

“Because of his profoundly sensitive, fresh and beautiful verse, by which, with consummate skill, he has made his poetic thought, expressed in his own English words, a part of literature of the West.”

諾貝爾獎是一個享有盛譽的國際獎項,由瑞典和挪威的機構頒發,分為化學、物理、醫學或生理學、和平、文學和經濟科學等不同類別。諾貝爾獎由瑞典化學家、工程師阿爾弗雷德·諾貝爾于1895年創立。有一些印度人在不同領域或類別中獲得了諾貝爾獎。

印度諾貝爾獎獲得者

拉賓德拉納特·泰戈爾

泰戈爾是印度著名的詩人、作家和阿育吠陀研究者。他是第一個獲得諾貝爾文學獎的非歐洲人。他也被稱為古魯德夫,卡維古魯和孟加拉詩人。他為兩個國家寫了國歌:印度和孟加拉國。

文學類

Gitanjali、Gora、Amar Shonar Bangla、Jana Gana Mana和Ghare Baire等。

1913年獲得諾貝爾文學獎

貢獻:

因為他筆下非常敏感,清新和美麗的詩句,憑借精湛的技巧用獨特的英語表達自己的詩歌思想,成為西方文學的重要組成部分。

Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman: was an Indian Physicist who was expertise in “Scattering of light” field and gave new concept known as “Raman Effect.”

He was the first Indian or Asian to receive a Nobel prize in any branch of science. He was also selected to Indian Financial services.

Scientific Achievements:

  1. Raman effect: Related to in “Scattering of light.”
  2. Reason for Blue colour of the sea.
  3. Acousto-Optic effect: explains light scattering by sound waves and also known as “Raman-Nath theory.”

Nobel Prize: Physics in 1930

Contribution:

“For his work on the scattering of light and for the discovery of the effect named after him.”

錢德拉塞卡拉·文卡塔·拉曼爵士:印度物理學家,擅長“光的散射”領域,提出了“拉曼效應”的新概念。

他是首個在科學領域獲得諾貝爾獎的印度人或亞洲人。他還被選入印度金融服務業。

科學成就:

  1. 拉曼效應:與“光散射”有關
  2. 海水呈藍色的原因。
  3. 聲光效應:解釋聲波的光散射,也稱為“拉曼-納特理論”

諾貝爾物理學獎

貢獻:

“因為他在光的散射方面的工作,也因為以他名字命名的光學效應的發現。”

Har Gobind Khorana

was a biochemist who worked especially in molecular biology.

Scientific achievements:

  1. first scientist to chemically synthesize oligonucleotides.
  2. Explained the order of nucleotides in nucleic acid and role of nucleotides in protein synthesis.
  3. Developed the first synthetic gene and invention of polymerase chain reaction.

Nobel Prize: Physiology or Medicine in 1968.

Contribution:

” for their interpretation of the genetic code and its function in protein synthesis.”

哈爾·哥賓德·科拉納

他是一位生物化學家,主要研究分子生物學方面的工作。

科學成就:

1.第一個用化學手段合成寡核苷酸的科學家。

2.解釋了核苷酸在核酸中的序列以及核苷酸在蛋白質合成中的作用。

3.研制出第一個合成基因并發明了聚合酶鏈反應。

諾貝爾獎:1968年生理學或醫學。

貢獻:

“因其解釋了遺傳密碼及其在蛋白質合成中的作用。”

Mother Teresa

Mother Teresa was a catholic nun and founded the “Missionaries of Charity.” This charity works on managing the homes of those people who are dying of AIDS, Leprosy and tuberculosis.

Nobel Prize: Peace in 1979

Contribution:

Leader of Missionaries of Charity. Calcutta.

特蕾莎修女

特蕾莎修女是一位天主教修女,創立了“慈善傳教士”,這個慈善機構致力于打理那些因艾滋病、麻風病和肺結核而垂死的病患的家庭。

諾貝爾獎:1979年,和平獎

貢獻:

慈善傳教士的領袖。加爾各答。

Subramanyan Chandrasekhar:

is an astrophysicist who helped to study the physical process of importance to the structure and evolution of stars.

Scientific achievements:

  1. Structure and evolution of stars.
  2. Model for evolutionary stages of Black hole.
  3. Dynamic friction: decelerating the stars and helps to stabilize the cluster of stars.
  4. Chandrasekhar limit: this unit explains the maximum mass of a stable white dwarf. Value of Unit: 1.4 M

Nobel Prize: Physics in 1983.

Contribution

” for his theoretical studies of physical processes of importance to the structure and evolution of stars.”

蘇布拉曼揚·錢德拉塞卡:

是一位天體物理學家,他研究了對恒星的結構和演化具有重要意義的物理過程。

科學成就:

1.恒星的結構和演化。

2.黑洞演化階段模型。

3.動力摩擦:使恒星減速,有助于穩定星團。

4.錢德拉塞卡極限:這個單位解釋了穩定白矮星的最大質量。單位價值:1.4M

諾貝爾獎:1983年物理學。

貢獻

“對恒星結構和演化具有重要意義的物理過程的理論研究。”

Amartya Sen

Amartya Sen is an economist. He is expertise in the welfare economics, social choice theory and development economics fields. His contributions on formulations of the Human development index which was published by UNDP.

Nobel Prize: Economic science in 1998

Contribution

“for his contributions to welfare economics.

阿馬蒂亞·森

阿馬蒂亞·森是一位經濟學家。他擅長福利經濟學、社會選擇理論和發展經濟學領域。他對開發計劃署公布的人類發展指數的編制作出了貢獻。

1998年諾貝爾經濟學獎

貢獻

“因為他對福利經濟學作出的貢獻。

V.S. Naipaul:. S. Naipaul was a writer, wrote comic novels and his vigilant novels of life and travels.

Literature: A Home for Mr. Biswas. In a free state, An area of Darkness, A bend in the river.

Nobel Prize: literature in 2001.

Contribution:

” for having united perceptive narrative and incorruptible scrutiny in works that compel people to see the presence of suppressed histories.”

V.S.奈保爾:奈保爾是一個作家,寫漫畫小說和關于自己生活、旅途的小說。

文學作品:《比斯瓦斯先生的家》、《在紫游之邦》,《黑暗地域》,《河流之灣》。

2001年諾貝爾文學獎。

貢獻:

“因為在其作品中有一貫的感性敘事和正直審視,迫使人們看到被封鎖的歷史事實。”

Venkatraman Ramkrishnan

Venkatraman Ramkrishnan is a structural biologist and known for his work mainly in structure and function of ribosome and molecular crystallography.

Scientific achievements:

  1. Determine atomic structure of whole ribosome in complex at its tRNA and mRNA biosynthesis.
  2. Work on histone and chromatids structure.
  3. Determine atomic structure of 30s ribosome subunit.

Nobel Prize: Chemistry in 2009.

Contribution:

“for the studies of the structure and function of the ribosome.”

文卡特拉曼·拉姆克里希南

文卡塔拉曼·拉姆克里希南是一位結構生物學家,以其主要研究核糖體結構和功能以及分子晶體學而聞名。

科學成就:

1.測定復合物中整個核糖體的tRNA和mRNA生物合成的原子結構。

2.組蛋白和染色單體結構的研究。

3.測定30s核糖體亞基的原子結構。

2009年諾貝爾化學獎。

貢獻:

“研究核糖體的結構和功能。”

Kailash Satyarthi:

Kailash Satyarthi is a social reformer to work for rights of children such as ban on child labor, trafficking and support to the universal Right to education.

Organization:

  1. Bachpan Bachao Andolan: founder of it.
  2. Goodweave international: An NGO working to end illegal child laboring rug making.
  3. Global campaign for child education.

Nobel Prize: Peace in 2014.

Contribution:

” for their struggle against the suppression of children and young people and for the right of all children to education.”

凱拉什·薩蒂亞爾希:

凱拉什薩蒂亞提是一位致力于兒童權利的社會改革者,如禁止童工、販賣人口和支持普及教育權。

組織機構:

1.巴赫潘·巴喬·安多蘭:創始人。

2.古德維尤國際:一個致力于終結非法童工地毯制造的非政府組織。

3.全球兒童教育運動。

諾貝爾獎:2014年和平獎。

貢獻:

“因他們反對震壓兒童和青年的斗爭,為所有兒童爭取受教育的權利。”

Abhijit Banerjee: Abhijit Banerjee is an economist who works on “Development economics” and his field experiments help to alleviate poverty.

Nobel Prize: Economic Science in 2019.

Contribution:

“for their experimental approach to alleviating global poverty.”

Born in Chittagong, Bengal Presidency, British India, Yunus and his Grameen Bank were awarded "for advancing economic and social opportunities for the poor, especially women, through their pioneering microcredit work." He is a citizen of Bangladesh.

阿比吉特·班納吉:阿比吉特班納吉是一位從事“發展經濟學”的經濟學家,他的實地實驗有助于減輕貧困。

諾貝爾獎:2019年經濟科學獎。

貢獻:

“為了他們減輕全球貧困的實驗性方法。”

尤努斯出生于英屬印度孟加拉首都吉大港,尤努斯和他的孟加拉鄉村銀行被授予“通過開創性的小額信貸工作為窮人,特別是婦女提供經濟和社會機會”。他是孟加拉國公民。

  1. Venkatraman Ramakrishnan

Year: 2009, Subject: Chemistry

Born in Tamil Nadu, Republic of India, Ramakrishnan was awarded "for studies of the structure and function of the ribosome." He is a citizen of Great Britain.

  1. 文卡特拉曼·拉馬克里希南

時間:2009,類別:化學

拉馬克里希南出生于印度共和國泰米爾納德邦,他因“核糖體結構和功能”而獲獎。他是英國公民。

c) People born Overseas but receiving as Indian citizens

c) 在海外出生但以印度公民身份領獎的人

  1. Mother Teresa (born as Agnes Bojaxhiu)

Year: 1979, Subject: Peace

Born in Skopje (now Macedonia), Mother Teresa was awarded for being the "Founder of Missionaries of Charity" in India.

  1. 特蕾莎修女(出生于阿格尼絲·博雅舒)

年份:1979,類別:和平

特蕾莎修女出生于斯科普里(今馬其頓),因其在印度的“慈善傳教士創始人”而獲獎。

e) People of Indian origin while receiving

e) 印度后裔

  1. Sir Vidiadhar Surajprasad Naipaul

Year: 2001, Subject: Literature

Born in Trinidad and Tobago, Naipaul received the award "for having united perceptive narrative and incorruptible scrutiny in works that compel us to see the presence of suppressed histories."

1.維迪亞達爾·蘇拉杰普拉薩德·奈保爾爵士

年份:2001,類別:文學

奈保爾出生于特立尼達和多巴哥,他因“因為在其作品中有一貫的感性敘事和正直審視,迫使人們看到被封鎖的歷史事實”而獲獎。

f) People born in India receiving it on behalf of an organization

f) 在印度出生,代表某個組織領獎

  1. Rajendra Pachauri

Year: 2007, Subject: Peace

Pachauri received the award on behalf of Intergo nmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) as the Chairman of IPCC along with Al Gore "for their efforts to build up and disseminate greater knowledge about man-made climate change, and to lay the foundations for the measures that are needed to counteract such change."

  1. 拉金德拉·帕喬里

年份:2007,類別:和平

帕喬里作為政府間氣候變化專門委員會(IPCC)的主席,和戈爾一起代表IPCC獲得了該獎項,“因為他們努力積累和傳播更多關于人為氣候變化的知識,并為應對這種變化所需的措施奠定基礎。”

 

Sheshrao Kharpkar, Professor (1987-present)

Nobel Prize is an international award given every year. Nobel Prize is awarded to the person who makes the most important contribution to the field of Chemistry, Physics, Economics, Medicine, Literature and Peace.

Rabindranath Tagore Was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1913. Rabindranath Tagore awarded for his poetry, music, paintings and literature.

C.V. Raman Was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1930. He was the first Asian scientist who received the Nobel Prize for Physics. He has won the Nobel Prize for Raman Effect.

Mother Teresa was awarded the 1979 Nobel Prize for his great work. They serve a lot of sad and sick people.

Kailash Satyarthi was Nobel Peace Prize 2014. He has devoted his whole life to the protection and education of children.

諾貝爾獎是每年頒發的國際性獎項。諾貝爾獎授予在化學、物理學、經濟學、醫學、文學與和平領域做出最重要貢獻的人。

泰戈爾于1913年獲得諾貝爾文學獎。泰戈爾因其詩歌、音樂、繪畫和文學而獲獎。

C.V.拉曼在1930年被授予諾貝爾物理學獎。他是第一位獲得諾貝爾物理學獎的亞洲科學家。他因拉曼效應獲得了諾貝爾獎。

特蕾莎修女因其偉大的工作而獲得1979年諾貝爾獎。他們為許多悲傷和生病的人無私服務。

凱拉什·薩蒂亞爾希獲得2014年諾貝爾和平獎。他畢生致力于保護和教育兒童。

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